ERIC Number: ED025321
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Shift From Color to Form Preference in Young Childre n of Different Ethnic Backgrounds. Part of the Final Report.
Spellmann, Charles Mac
Young children prefer to match in terms of color rather than form, and between the ages of 4 and 7 years they shift to a preference for form. A current explanation posits that the shift is an adaptive response by the young child to classroom stimuli, which stresses attention to form. In order to test this hypothesis, 120 children (5- and 6-year-olds) of lower socioeconomic status were given a stimulus preference text. Sixty of these children were enrolled in Head Start classes; the others were eligible but were not enrolled in school. Twenty of the Head Start subjects were Anglo, 20 were Negro, and 20 were Indian. The same was true for the nonschool group. The test was given at several points during the school year, and it was expected that at the first testing of each group there would be no difference in the number of form responses given. On the final testing, however, it was expected that the school group would respond to form significantly more often than the nonschool group. The results confirmed the hypothesis: school children showed a steady increase in form responses across the school year, while the nonschool children did not. Analysis of race showed that Negro school children shifted from color to form much slower than did Anglo and Indian school children. Twenty-seven tables or graphs and a bibliography are included. (Author/DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Child Development Evaluation and Research Center.
Identifiers: Color Matching; Form Matching; PROJECT HEAD START