ERIC Number: ED025250
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Reference Count: N/A
Junior College Education in Japan.
O'Connell, Alfred Christopher
This study sought to (1) examine the nature and development of junior colleges in Japan, (2) assess their nature, (3) determine the extent of American influence on them, particularly since 1"45, and (4) compare American and Japanese colleges. In Japan, they are presently a combination of pre-war Japanese concepts and such American practices as (1) the introduction of general education, (2) adoption of the college credit system, (3) graduation according to credits in specified areas, (4) establishment of student personnel services, and (5) use of the terms "transfer" and "terminal." In spite of these outward similarities, however, Japanese education still adheres to its own traditions, demonstrating again that fundamental change can rarely come from a different cultural milieu. Significant characteristics of contemporary Japanese junior colleges are: (1) most are small, urban, residential colleges for women (ignoring the broader objective of general education); (2) their rate of growth is similar to that in the United States; (3) private colleges enroll 80% of the students; (4) the colleges have extremely limited financial resources; (5) less than a quarter of them operate independently of some other level of education; (6) they emphasize terminal programs; (7) they have neglected engineering and technical programs, now handled by the new 5-year technical colleges; (8) they are specialized, not comprehensive, institutions; and (9) they are not "community" colleges in the American sense of the word. (HH)
University Microfilms, Inc., P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 65-8853, MF $3.10, Xerography $10.80).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Teachers College.