ERIC Number: ED024952
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Sep-1
Reference Count: 0
The Role of Empathy in Second Language Behavior.
Guiora, Alexander Z.; And Others
Empathy, or the immediate emotional apprehension of the affective experience of another person, plays an important role in the developmental acquisition of a first language. It is hypothesized that a capacity for empathy contributes to the mastery of the pronunciation of a second language. An operational redefinition of empathic skill as the ability of an individual to perceive and respond to minimal cues in interpersonal interaction has led to the development of an objective measuring instrument. Subjects inspect a human face presented on a film segment that can be projected at varying speeds. Subjects' key-press responses are scored both for overall sensitivity to changes and for accuracy. To illustrate the use of this test, the design of a current research project is described: empathy test scores are being compared with ratings of pronunciation authenticity and at the same time with scores on the Thematic Apperception Test pictures as well as on tests of intelligence, visual acuity, ability to detect changes in complex patterns, and categorizing style. Incomplete results tend to confirm the hypothesized relation of empathy to second-language pronunciation authenticity. Results strengthen the case for applying clinical concepts to experimental research. (See related document ED 017 898.) (Author/DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Language and Language Behavior.
Note: Report included in Studies in Language and Language Behavior, Progress Report No. VII.