ERIC Number: ED024948
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Sep-1
Reference Count: 0
Grammatical Relations and Sentence Recall.
This document comprises two studies. In the first, 108 undergraduates were assigned to nine groups of 12 subjects each in a 3 x 3 factorial design. One factor was prompt word (subject noun, main verb, or object noun) and the other was sentence type (active, passive, or relative. Sentence type was included in the study in order to vary the position of the prompt words. Each subject received two exposures for learning to a list of 12 sentences, homogeneous with respect to type, followed by an unpaced prompted recall task in which they were given either the subject nouns, the main verb, or the object nouns. None of the results of this study was found to be significant. An analysis of the procedure, however, revealed a possible confounding variable. A second experiment attempted to eliminate this variable by pacing the recall task. Forty eight subjects were assigned to four groups of 12 each in a 2 x 2 factorial design. One factor was prompt word (subject noun versus object noun) and the other was sentence type (active versus passive). Procedures were the same as for the first experiment, except that the prompted recall task was paced. The results indicated no effect of either prompt word or sentence type on sentence recall or ottal word recall. (See related document ED 016 203.) (Author/DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Language and Language Behavior.
Note: Report included in Studies in Language and Language Behavior, Progress Report No. VII.