ERIC Number: ED024465
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-May
Reference Count: 0
Mother-Child Relations and Children's Achievement. Terminal Report.
Chance, June Elizabeth
This cross-sectional analysis explored (a) children's achievement performance, assessed by academic tests and measure of intelligence, (b) children's attitudes toward achievement, and (c) maternal attitudes toward independence training. Fifty-nine boys and fifty-five girls of high IQ and their mothers were subjects. Effective achievement performance was associated with permissiveness toward controlling child behavior, but it did not rely on either earlier or later independence training. Mothers who favored early training rewarded efforts, despite quality of performance, and the children aspired to the expected role. The child's attitude, predictive of effective achievement, was that his efforts determined the outcome he received. In boys and girls, belief in personal control of outcome was associated with early independence training attitudes in a permissive mother. Need achievement in boys was associated with early training by a mother concerned with controlling child behavior; and in girls, it was associated with later training. Over 100 children were subjects of a longitudinal analysis, which indicated achievement and mother-and-child correlates were similar to the cross-sectional analysis. One finding, however, was that maternal "controllingness" was negatively associated with between-child differences in achievement in both sexes. The tables and appendixes are no t included. (DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Public Health Service (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Missouri Univ., Columbia.
Identifiers: California Achievement Tests; Maternal Attitude Toward Independence Training; Parental Attitude Research Instrument; Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale