ERIC Number: ED024452
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Feb-8
Reference Count: 0
Informal Education During the First Months of Life.
White, Burton L.
The purpose of this study was to see if a change in environment affected the rate of sensorimotor development in infants. First a control group of institutionally-reared infants aged 1 to 6 months was observed to determine average age of visually directed reaching, visual exploration, visual accommodation, and the blink response. Then the environment for three experimental groups was modified in three ways. The first group was handled for an extra period of time, the second group was given an enriched visual surround in addition to being placed on their backs and handled for extra time, and the third group had pacifiers mounted on their cribs in addition to receiving the same attention as the second group. The results showed that the rate of development of visual attentiveness, hand regard, and visually directed reaching was affected by the environmental modifications practiced on the second and third groups. Research on plasticity in other areas of sensorimotor development should be carried out. Enrichment programs and education are a continuous process and should be treated as such. Furthermore, inductive theorizing should be used in the study of child behavior. (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA.
Note: Oral presentation to the Social Science Research Council Conference on Pre-School Education, Chicago, Illinois, February 8, 1966.