ERIC Number: ED024019
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Prosodic Features of Hawaiian English
Vanderslice, Ralph; Pierson, Laura Shun
Quarterly Journal of Speech, v53 n2 p156-66 Apr 1967
This paper describes a "neglected" aspect of Hawaiian ("Pidgin") English--the suprasegmental or prosodic features. Illustrated by contrastive samples of Hawaiian American English (HAE) and General American English (GAE), the salient prosodic features are presented as follows--(1) syllable-timed rhythm, modified by emphatic drawl, (2) wide tessitura (pitch phenomenon), (3) special registers (raspy voice, falsetto), (4) "scoop" on the rise-fall statement (and special-question) tune, (5) fluid word stress and non-information-pointing accent placement, and (6) specific characteristic intonations, especially a general-question pattern with sharp pitch drop contrasting with GAE rise. The authors feel that none of these features is a serious barrier to mutual intelligibility with other dialects of English, although these features function as indexes of origin (social and racial as well as geographical). They also feel that "Haole talk" (GAE) is not the sole alternative to monodialectal HAE, and that to many Island youth, GAE is not an "acceptable" alternative. They point out that a country's speech is considered standard "if it reflects the speech patterns of the educated persons in the community." Standard HAE, regionally marked and distinct from GAE, is spoken by many educated Islanders, including community leaders, particularly those of non-Caucasian descent. (AMM)
Descriptors: Articulation (Speech), Auditory Perception, Dialect Studies, Nonstandard Dialects, North American English, Regional Dialects, Social Dialects, Sociolinguistics, Standard Spoken Usage, Suprasegmentals, Syllables
Executive Secretary, Speech Association of America, Statler Hilton Hotel, New York, N.Y. 10001.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Hawaiian Creole English
Note: Reprint from The Quarterly Journal of Speech; v53 n2 Apr 1967.