ERIC Number: ED023995
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
Design of Instruction. Training Information Paper, 1.
Current research in psycholinguistics has included studies of factors influencing effective verbal communication--the effect of sequences of words and operations within an instruction; effects of instruction and self-instruction on performance; and the presentation of complex interrelated rules such as those found in legal documents, regulations, and instructional manuals. In general, it has been found that simple declarative sentences are easier to understand than more complex grammatical forms. Moreover, verbal economy appears less important than achieving unambiguous and explicit instruction. In considering the actual choice of words, it is important to know the verbal preferences ("self-instructions") of those who must carry out an instruction. For sequential instructions contained in a single sentence, evidence suggests that important items of information should be placed at the beginning or end of the instruction. It has also been shown that, for giving complex instructions, visual graphs or "trees" and simple statements that proceed from generalities to specifics are better than continuous prose. (ly)
Descriptors: Difficulty Level, Educational Psychology, Feedback, Instructional Design, Logic, Psycholinguistics, Research, Semantics, Sentence Structure, Sequential Approach, Verbal Communication
H.M. Stationery Office, London, England (S.O. Code No. 36-326-1, 2s 9d).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Employment, London (England).