ERIC Number: ED023970
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of Group Discussion as a Learning Procedure on the Adaptive Social Behavior of Educable Adult Mental Retardates.
Dollins, Curtis Nels
This study investigated changes in the adaptive social behavior of educable, mentally retarded adults who participated in a group discussion program in a state hospital and training center. A rating scale was developed for judging behavior changes resulting from 20 group discussions. Three experimental and three control groups used 74 subjects, males and females, aged 18 to 45, within the borderline to moderate range of retardation. Two groups were formed according to community placement experience or lack thereof. A third experimental group was heterogeneous, consisting of participants with and without community placement experience. All experimental groups showed gains on behavior scale scores, especially the group without community placement experience. No significant difference in behavior change was noted between the group with community placement experience and the heterogeneous group. It appears that the selective use of group discussion can do much to maintain and improve the social adaptive behavior of educable, adult mental retardates; and that group composition (preferably homogeneous) is important to the effectiveness of group discussion as a learning procedure. Recommendations included adaptations of this procedure to the diagnosed needs of participants, minimal use of lecture techniques, and avoidance of abstraction. Longitudinal studies and other research were also advised. (Included are 51 references and 37 tables and figures.) (author/ly)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Age Groups, Behavior Change, Bibliographies, Doctoral Dissertations, Experimental Groups, Females, Group Discussion, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Institutionalized Persons, Intelligence, Males, Mild Mental Retardation, Pretests Posttests, Rating Scales, Research, Social Adjustment
University Microfilms, 300 Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 67-16,398, MF $3.00, Xerography $9.25).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington. School of Education.
Note: Ed. D. Thesis.