ERIC Number: ED023910
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Field and Job Oriented Technical Retraining on Manpower Utilization of the Unemployed. Vocational-Industrial Education Research Report. Final Report.
Bjorkquist, David C.
A job-oriented program emphasizing application to the specific occupation of tool design was compared with a field-oriented program intended to give a broad basic preparation for a variety of jobs in the field of mechanical technology. Both programs were conducted under the Manpower Development and Training Act (MDTA) for a period of 52 weeks. Trainee selection was based upon eligibility under MDTA, high school graduation, familiarity with mechanics, desire to be technicians, and performance on the General Aptitude Test Battery. Based upon their personal preference, 35 trainees chose the job-oriented program and 40 the field-oriented program. Thirty trainees completed the job-oriented program and 25 completed the field-oriented program. During the first 2 years after the completion of training, 91 percent of the job-oriented and 63 percent of the field-oriented graduates were gainfully employed. Followup indicated no significant differences between groups as to: (1) their level of involvement with data, people, or things, (2) attitudes toward training received, (3) social class identification, (4) unemployment, and (5) employer rating. The field-oriented graduates earned higher average weekly salaries. It was recommended that shorter training periods be considered for the preparation of technicians in critical occupations and that training program flexibility be encouraged. (MM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Dept. of Vocational Education.
Identifiers: Manpower Development and Training Act; Manpower Development and Training Act Programs; Pennsylvania