ERIC Number: ED023740
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Nov
Reference Count: 0
How Evanston, Illinois Integrated all of its Schools.
Coffin, Gregory C.
Discussed are the methods used by Evanston's Board of Education to desegregate the entire school system. In 1964 the Board resolved to eliminate defacto segregation and a citizen's commission was appointed to develop a plan. Aided by computer experts, a redistribution of students was worked out which used the schools more efficiently while conserving some of the neighborhood schools concept. The racial balance of Negroes in any school ranged from 17 to 25 percent. One-way busing appeared to be a pragmatic, although perhaps unfair, way to desegregate. This device was instituted only after a well-prepared survey revealed that 92 percent of the Negro parents approved. Although housing patterns determine defacto segregation, nevertheless the schools have a responsibility to initiate change in their own province. It is also pointed out that protest activity by civil rights groups was an important spur to movement by the Board. As of 1967, all schools are fully integrated physically. Now the community must work toward "psychological integration." (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Illinois; Illinois (Evanston)
Note: Paper presented at Natl. Conf. on Equal Educational Opportunity in American Cities (Washington, D.C., November 16-18, 1967).