ERIC Number: ED023591
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Programed Instruction with Conventional Methods for Teaching Two Units of Eighth Grade Science.
Eshleman, Winston Hull
Compared were programed materials and conventional methods for teaching two units of eighth grade science. Programed materials used were linear programed books requiring constructed responses. The conventional methods included textbook study, written exercises, lectures, discussions, demonstrations, experiments, chalkboard drawings, films, filmstrips, charts, and overhead transparencies. Three hundred students in eighth grade science participated in the experiment. Both the experimental and control groups studied a two-week astronomy unit. Later in the year the groups were reversed for two-week unit of study on the cell. Students were pre-, post-, and retnetion-tested by an instrument developed by the investigator. Both groups were divided into matched subgroups designated above average, average, and below average. Results indicated (1) significant gains in knowledge by both groups, (2) measures of immediate learning and retention showed significant differences favoring the control group. For most students programed books were significantly less effective than conventional methods. Findings relating to the matched subgroups are also reported. (BC)
Descriptors: Astronomy, Biology, Comparative Analysis, Doctoral Dissertations, General Science, Grade 8, Instruction, Programed Instruction, Secondary School Science
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103 (Order No. 67-10310, Microfilm $3.00, Xerography $8.80).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Arizona Univ., Tucson.
Identifiers: Arizona; Arizona (Tucson)