ERIC Number: ED023458
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Final Report on Head Start Evaluation and Research: 1967-68 to the Office of Economic Opportunity. Section II: Achievement Motivation and Patterns of Reinforcement in Head Start Children.
Eighty-six Negro and Mexican-American children were divided into experimental and control groups in a study designed to learn the effects of an 8-week summer Head Start program on the achievement motive of these children. The study was based on McClelland's theory of achievement motive and the models of Atkinson and Aronson. Children were pretested and posttested with the Aronson and Level of Aspiration Tests. Data concerning teachers was collected on the Observer's Rating Form. Mothers filled in the Winterbottom Questionnaire. Both ethnic groups of children made gains in achievement motive. The total Head Start experience was apparently responsible for the change in subjects towards motive to avoid failure. Head Start reinforcement practices were more structured and systematic than is common to lower class parents' practices. Type of reinforcement is associated with the development of the achievement motive. Because teacher aides spend much time with the children, a workshop on the nature and effects of reinforcement is recommended as part of any future aide training program. Facsimiles of the Spanish and English questionnaire forms and the rating scale are in the appendixes. (MS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Child Development Evaluation and Research Center.
Identifiers: Expressive Method for Measuring Need Achievement; Level of Aspiration Test (Pierce Jones); McClelland Need Achievement Test; Project Head Start; Winterbottom Questionnaire