ERIC Number: ED023454
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Final Report on Head Start Evaluation and Research: 1967-68 To the Office of Economic Opportunity. Section I: Part A, Middle Class Mother-Teachers in an Experimental Preschool Program for Socially Disadvantaged Children.
Pierce-Jones, John; And Others
A short term preschool readiness program was designed in 1967 to employ nonpedagogically trained middle class mothers as teachers for preschool disadvantaged children. The children chosen for this study were 43 Mexican-Americans and five Negroes from lower class families. Three classrooms, consisting of 12 children and three mothers each, were established. The remaining 12 children became part of a novel "home acculturation" group in which the children, in groups of four, went to the mother-teacher's home for the whole 6-week summer program. All children were administered intelligence tests during the first and sixth weeks of the program. A control group was tested and the results compared to the experimental group, but it was not possible to say that the two groups had similar entering abilities, and the test scores' analysis was inconclusive. The scores from the two experimental programs showed an increase from pretesting to posttesting but no significant differences between programs. An overall gain in achievement motivation was found for all children, although there was a significantly greater gain for those initially low in motivation on the pretests. No significant differences were found between the experimental and control groups. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Child Development Evaluation and Research Center.
Identifiers: Expressive Method for Measuring Need Achievement; Marble Game; Project Head Start; Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking; Wechsler Preschool Primary Scale of Intelligence