ERIC Number: ED023402
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Reference Count: 0
Criteria for the Establishment and Operation of a Statewide System of Comprehensive Regional Junior Colleges.
Spencer, James Sigel
This study attempts to show that the junior college, if it develops according to certain criteria, can achieve the accepted democratic ideals of education. The related literature, both national and state, has been reviewed. Discussed are such concepts as universal education as the promoter of democratic ideals and the alleviator of social, political, and economic problems, and also the problems of the groups most in need of post-secondary education (dropouts, women, the young, racial minorities, and the disadvantaged). Obstacles to the avowed purposes of the junior college are analyzed, including debate on the advisability of tuition, opposition to the vocational programs that make a college truly comprehensive, pressure of expanding school-age population on facilities and faculty, inadequate tax support, excessive emphasis on local control, etc. Thirteen general criteria (and seven specific to Illinois) are presented. The recommendations include: (1) adoption of criteria by the State Junior College Board (considering the whole state as a regional college district and requiring a minimum enrollment of 3,000 to justify a comprehensive program), (2) a possible shift of vocational courses from high school to junior college, (3) a balance of intellectual ability between senior and junior public institutions, (4) fiscal reform to increase state support and lessen dependence on federal funds, and (5) expansion and maintenance of the junior college system, justified by excellence of program and low cost to the taxpayer. (HH)
Descriptors: Doctoral Dissertations, Educational Legislation, Educational Philosophy, Educational Problems, Equal Education, Master Plans, State Departments of Education, Two Year Colleges
University Microfilms, Inc., P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 66-12,430, MF $3.00, Xerography $9.90).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana.