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ERIC Number: ED023386
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Differences in Need-Press Variables as Perceived by University and Junior College Students.
Butler, Robert R.
This study was made to see if junior college students' needs or perceptions of environment differed from those of university students. From high school graduates within a certain district, a random sample of underclassmen was taken, half at the junior college and half at the university. Stern's Activities Index and Stern and Pace's College Characteristics Index were used to assess needs and perceived environmental press of the two groups in the sample. The hypotheses tested were that there was no significant difference. The junior college academic climate was seen as providing less encouragement for leadership and self-assurance, and less exposure to diversity of experience, such as faculty, public discussion, and innovation. On the non-academic scale, the university was considered more collegiate than the junior college because of its extra-curricular activities, group spirit, and the like. Both groups had generally comparable personalities. The junior college man, however, was more objective toward life and preferred less self-indulgent experiences, while, conversely, the university student preferred sensory self-gratification and involvement in the typically collegiate atmosphere. The results of the study suggested increased student personnel services at the junior college to provide more chance for personal and social development. Although vocational aspirations require quite different academic preparation, the personality needs of the two groups require a similar social background. (HH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Missouri