ERIC Number: ED023305
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: 0
The Content, Objectives, Measuring Instruments, and Validation Studies of "Programing is a Process; An Introduction to Instructional Technology;" A Programed Film. Technical Manual.
Markle, Susan M.; Tiemann, Philip W.
A programed film was designed to provide a basic introduction to the process of programing an instructional sequence applicable to all media. The film was also intended to increase awareness of standards for evaluating a programed instructional sequence and ability to recognize statements of instructional objectives stated in terms too general to be useful to instructional designers. The program grew out of discussion and comments from faculty attending a large-group lecture. Revisions were based on feedback from high school teachers, undergraduate volunteers, and four faculty workshops. User performance improved after each of the three revision sessions. The final film version was presented to 218 subjects in five workshops. The subject group was composed of educators and non-teaching media technicians, all of whom received a pretest, the film presentation, and a posttest. Criterion items required subjects to list evidences of program-validation, to choose statements too general to be useful for instructional purposes, and to sequence the steps in instructional development. In terms of the percent reaching criterion, all groups improved in their performance on the three criterion items. Teachers performed better than non-teaching technicians, and secondary school teachers did better than elementary teachers (Chi-Square significant at .001). (LS)
Descriptors: Education, Educational Technology, Films, Instructional Films, Program Development, Programed Instruction, Programers, Programing, Selection, Teaching Methods
Office of Instructional Resources, Illinois Univ., Chicago Circle, Chicago, Ill.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Chicago. Chicago Circle Campus.