ERIC Number: ED023246
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Nov
Reference Count: 0
An Investigation of Selected Variables in the Teaching of Specified Objectives to Mentally Retarded Students. Final Report.
Videotaping was used to analyze both video and audio components of the teaching-learning process with educable mentally retarded (EMR) children. Fifteen teachers, both inexperienced and experienced, made 31 pilot tapes, teaching one retarded and one normal child each the single, new concept of a hexagon. The 31 children included 14 EMR (ages 9-2 to 11-3), 15 normals (5-9 to 6-5), one blind, and one deaf. Results indicated that a 1.52 ratio of reinforcing statements was made by the three most successful as opposed to the three least successful teachers; teachers used an average of 429 words to 56 spoken by EMR's and 404 to 51 with the normal children, although the total average number of comments by teachers was 21.9 and 20.5 by pupils. The word hexagon was mentioned with a frequency ratio of 2.7 by teachers to pupils; the number and type of materials did not make a difference in successful teaching, although the average number used, nine, was probably too many. All teachers made more gestures than pupils; and the EMR children made more gestures than normal children. The model teaching activities used to classify and rate the videotapes rev"aled the inexperienced teachers taught closer to the criterion test items. A 30-minute test of teacher competence was generated that involved planning, performance, and ability to learn from review of own performance. (SN)
Descriptors: Audiovisual Aids, Exceptional Child Research, Instructional Materials, Learning, Lesson Observation Criteria, Mental Retardation, Mild Mental Retardation, Student Teacher Relationship, Teacher Behavior, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Evaluation, Teaching Methods, Teaching Models, Teaching Skills, Videotape Recordings
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Hawaii Univ., Honolulu.