ERIC Number: ED023232
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Mar-31
Reference Count: 0
An Investigation of the Cognitive Domain of Lipreading. Final Report.
Twenty-one cognitive abilities, ease with which the speaker is lipread, structure of the language lipread, age and education of the lipreader and sex were hypothesized as being important in lipreading. Three factor analyses were conducted of lipreading variables and cognitive abilities in order to verify or refute the hypotheses. The influence of age and/or education on factor structure was also examined. Three samples of hearing lipreaders were used in the investigation: 89 eighth graders, 60 eleventh graders, and 102 adult females. The factoral analyses isolated seven lipreading factors: general lipreading ability, word-phrase lipreading ability, lipreading reasoning, facility with language, word facility, figural word fluency, spatial detail. Important cognitive abilities in lipreading are fluency and perceptual abilities. Reasoning and flexibility abilities, although of lesser importance than fluency and flexibility abilities, were also found to be important in lipreading. The findings have implications for lipreading teaching. It is suggested that this study has demonstrated the value of factor analysis in the study of lipreading and it is recommended that further factor analytic investigations of lipreading be undertaken. (Author/JD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Detroit Univ., MI.