ERIC Number: ED023141
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Jun-20
Reference Count: 0
Guidance Programs and Their Impact on Students: A Search for Relationships between Aspects of Guidance and Selected Personal-Social Variables. Final Report.
Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul.
The major purpose was to begin the search for evidence, almost nonexistent now, of the total impact of guidance programs on the students they serve. The method was to investigate relationships (through intercorrelation) between guidance programs and personal and social variables that are commonly thought to be influenced by guidance efforts, on the assumption that students who have been exposed to varying amounts and levels of guidance should have achieved guidance objectives in varying degrees or numbers. Some 200 indices were used, in 84 schools, with 1,116 seniors plus school staff, graduates, and dropouts. Factor analysis produced a small number of less redundant scales, and regression analysis indicated the best combination of predictors for such outcomes. Relationships were generally very modest, prompting concern as to the impact of formalized guidance. Counselor personality was by far the most related to outcomes. Student and staff satisfaction as outcome was most related to guidance effort. Most other outcomes were more related to environmental factors than guidance. Guidance does help some students in some ways. Counselors should consider more active roles, help change environment to enhance healthy development, develop greater interpersonal sensitivity and skills. Counselor educators, school administrators should support and encourage such roles. (AUTHOR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul.