ERIC Number: ED023065
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Some Copula Patterns in Standard Swahili.
Closs, Elizabeth; And Others
Swahili: Journal of the Institute of Swahili Research, v37 n1 Mar 1967
This is an outline of the major characteristics of sentences like "Ali alikuwa mwalimu" (Ali was a teacher), "Ali ni mwalimu" (Ali is a teacher), and the numerous pattern variations demonstrated by such sentences. Constructions of this kind are traditionally called copula constructions, and have been classified in terms of (1) predication with a verb, and (2) predication without a verb. The purpose of this study is primarily to investigate whether the elements mentioned under (2) are in fact sufficient to account for copula constructions without the morpheme "-w-," and what combinations of elements are possible. The second part of this outline discusses the structure of and restrictions on nominal expressions in copula sentences. The third part deals with word order, and the fourth with intonation patterns. (AMM)
Descriptors: Deep Structure, Grammar, Intonation, Language Patterns, Morphology (Languages), Standard Spoken Usage, Structural Analysis, Surface Structure, Swahili, Syntax, Verbs
Institute of Swahili Research, P.O. Box 9184, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Copula (Grammar)