ERIC Number: ED023049
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The Managerial Grid; Key Orientations for Achieving Production through People.
Blake, Robert R; Mouton, Jane S.
The Managerial Grid arranges a concern for production on the horizontal axis and a concern for people on the vertical axis of a coordinate system: 1,1 shows minimum concern for production and people; 9,1 shows major production emphasis and minimum human considerations; 1,9 shows maximum concern for friendly working conditions and minimum production emphasis; 5,5 shows adequate production and satisfactory morale; and 9,9 shows major concern for people and production. Most American managers are 5,5, but the ideal, the 9,9 Management, encourages teamwork and mutual respect, learns from mistakes, has a sense of directed commitment, and does not use facades. A study of 716 members of one organization showed that career accomplishment is consistently related to managerial style; the greater a career accomplishment, the more likely that the approach is 9,9 and 9,1. To approach a 9,9 goal, a long term effort should be made with Managerial Grid Laboratory-Seminar training, team development, horizontal and vertical organizational relationships, organizational improvement goals, goal attainment, and stabilization. An experiment now in its fifth year in an industrial plant of 2,400 implemented these suggestions and made considerable tangible and intangible gains. (Extensive references are included.) (jf)
Descriptors: Achievement, Administrator Role, Behavior Patterns, Bibliographies, Communication (Thought Transfer), Conflict, Creativity, Decision Making, Employer Employee Relationship, Goal Orientation, Industry, Management Development, Morale, Organizational Change, Personality, Power Structure, Productivity, Research, Teamwork
Gulf Publishing Company, Box 2608, Houston, Texas 77001
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A