ERIC Number: ED022986
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1959
Reference Count: N/A
Problems of Evaluation Research.
Wilder, David S.
In adult education, evaluation at the program level is the area in which most evaluation research has been done; the program is the independent variable and goals and effects, the dependent variable. However, other things such as teaching and administration can be considered as aspects of the whole; related research on attendance, participation, and dropouts may be an integral part. Testing of adults has been done extensively in methods studies because the explicit goal was learning; in evaluation studies of whole programs it is not possible to evaluate as precisely as with specific methods. Studies have been made of programs of parent education, race relations, cancer education, and a community-wide (Cincinnati) information campaign about the United Nations. These studies show that evaluation research must be conceptualized in terms of the experimental model; reliable measurement techniques and instruments must be used (some borrowed from the fields of psychology, sociology, and anthropology); after-only design may be adequate with clear-cut dependent variables but before-and-after design is more rigorous; and problems of analysis and interpretation of data (such as the proper way to show net change) should be anticipated before they are undertaken. (sg)
Descriptors: Adult Dropouts, Adult Education, Attendance, Community Education, Educational Objectives, Health Education, Parent Education, Participation, Program Evaluation, Racial Relations, Research Design, Research Methodology, Research Reviews (Publications), Teaching Methods
Adult Education Association of the U.S.A., 1225 19th St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Chapter 14 in AN OVERVIEW OF ADULT EDUCATION RESEARCH by Edmund deS. Brunner And Others.