ERIC Number: ED022878
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Reference Count: N/A
Off-Farm Agricultural Occupations in Montana: Employment and Education.
Heaney, Donald S.
Data were obtained by interview with managers in a random sample of 161 businesses in 10 selected Montana trade and service centers to (1) identify present and emerging off-farm agricultural occupations, (2) estimate present and anticipated numbers of employees, (3) estimate annual entry opportunities, (4) determine needed competencies, and (5) determine job characteristics. There were 1,127 businesses and services in the 10 centers, 337 job titles, and 21,854 workers, 56.6 percent of which needed agricultural competency. Of these 12,369 workers, 10,087 were full-time employees. The occupational families of farm supply and equipment, farm services, and livestock and poultry industry represented 65 percent of the businesses and 64 percent of the employees. Skilled and semi-skilled employment levels represented 85.5 percent of the agricultural employees. During the next 5 years, employers expected to hire 8,428 employees of which 85.6 percent would be in the three aforementioned occupational families plus ornamental horticulture. Factoring of competency ratings for occupational entry yielded 12 competency factors including animal science, agricultural mechanization, forestry, crop science, range management, business management, farm buildings, chemicals, electrification, forestry management, and animal breeding. This D.Ed. thesis was submitted to The Pennsylvania State University. (JM)
Descriptors: Agricultural Education, Agricultural Skills, Educational Needs, Employer Attitudes, Employment Opportunities, Employment Statistics, Occupational Clusters, Occupational Information, Occupational Surveys, Off Farm Agricultural Occupations
University Microfilms, Inc., 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (67-1931, microfilm $3.00, xeroxed copy $8.80).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
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