ERIC Number: ED022653
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Jun-1
Reference Count: N/A
Word Attack Skills: Review of Literature.
Desberg, Peter; Berdiansky, Betty
The literature dealing with the identification process in beginning reading is surveyed. The first major section presents a review of the basal, Language Experience Approach, Phonic Word Method, linguistic, and i/t/a programs. Questions are raised about the empirical investigation of the subject matter and the instructional procedures used in these approaches. The second major section reviews reports of current word attack research designed to determine the stimulus units (cues) to which the reader attends and the identification techniques he utilizes in the word attack process. Linguistic hypotheses, presented through a collaboration of linguists, psychologists, and educators, are checked for their efficiency in reading acquisition. Areas of suggested research include (1) a systematic study of the English language to determine an explicit subject matter, (2) the use of an interdisciplinary approach, and (3) further investigation of the stimulus units to which the beginning reader attends. An extensive bibliography of beginning reading mechanics literature is included. (Author/RT)
Descriptors: Basic Reading, Elementary Education, Graphemes, Initial Teaching Alphabet, Instructional Materials, Linguistics, Orthographic Symbols, Perception, Phonemes, Phonics, Pronunciation, Reading Programs, Research Reviews (Publications), Word Recognition
Southwest Regional Laboratory for Educational Research and Development, 11300 La Cienega Blvd., Inglewood, Calif. 90304.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Southwest Regional Educational Lab., Inglewood, CA.