ERIC Number: ED022540
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Reference Count: 0
Some Effects of Social Class and Race on Children's Language and Intellectual Abilities.
Whiteman, Martin; And Others
A cross-sectional study of 292 first and fifth grade Negro and white children examined the relationship between environmental factors and performance test scores of verbal and cognitive ability. The socioeconomic status (SES) of each subject was determined and included in a deprivation index formed by obtaining a composite score for each subject across six background variables: housing dilapidation, parental educational aspirations, number of children under 18, dinner conversation, weekend cultural experiences, and attendance of child in kindergarten. The two dependent variables were a nonlanguage test of general intellectual ability, the Lorge-Thorndike Intelligence Test, and the vocabulary subtest of Wechsler's Intelligence Scale for Children. Data was treated by a three way analysis of variance. Results indicated that the deprivation index acted as a factor independent of SES and race in contributing to variation in test performance. Older children scored lower than younger ones, indicating that deficit is progressive. Environment, however, can offset deficits. Negro status and lower SES are associated , so the Negro child is twice disadvantaged. Preschool intervention may be able to prevent accumulation of deficits early in the child's life. (MS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York Univ., NY. Inst. for Developmental Studies.
Identifiers: Deprivation Index; Lorge Thorndike Intelligence Tests; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children
Note: Revision of paper read at the Biennial Meetingof the Society for Research in Child Development, Minneapolis, Minn., March, 1965.