ERIC Number: ED022392
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Feb
Reference Count: 0
The Value of External Direction and Individual Discovery in Learning Situations: The Learning of a Grammatical Rule. Didakometry, Number 18.
Sjoberg, C.; Trope, B.
Two methods of teaching a grammatical principle were compared in terms of initial learning results, positive and negative transfer, and retention. Forty-five pairs of sixth grade students, matched by sex and intelligence, formed two experimental groups. Group A was taught the principle and given practice with examples ("conventional" method) while Group B was given practice with examples only (discovery method). Neither group learned the principle completely, but Group A students reached a higher degree of initial learning and revealed greater positive transfer than Group B. However, they also showed more negative transfer (use of the rule where it did not apply) than Group B, and in a retention test given 5 weeks later, they forgot more, comparatively, than Group B. (AF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Swedish Council for Social Science Research, Stockholm.
Authoring Institution: School of Education, Malmo (Sweden). Dept. of Educational and Psychological Research.