ERIC Number: ED022381
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Use of CTSS in a Teaching Environment.
Computer time-sharing offers many interesting possibilities for use in teaching computer technology. To test the hypothesis that with proper hardware and software, students using time-sharing as a teaching machine could acquire proficiency in the fundamentals of programing more easily than by using standard batch-processing techniques, the Department of Civil Engineering at M.I.T. conducted a study using a freshman programing class. A group of 32 students was divided with half using the Compatible Time-Sharing System (CTSS) on an IBM 7094. The groups were matched on previous overall grade average, amount of computer experience, and number of students enrolled in an additional computer laboratory. Careful student-use records were kept, and the differences in student vs. regular use of the system were recorded. Students in the experimental group were restricted to a single remote console in order to obtain an estimate of console reliability. Use figures, instructor observations, and course grades served as a basis for group comparisons. The study does not demonstrate conclusively that time-sharing is superior to the IBM 1620. It may be that time-sharing is inferior due to the many runs and the amount of machine time students require. However, the experiment does illustrate the educational potential of time-sharing. (Author/MT)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Science Education, Computers, Educational Experiments, Equipment Evaluation, Facility Utilization Research, Instructional Design, Programing, Time Sharing
Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, Va. 22151 (AD-661-807, MF $.65, HC $3.00).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Advanced Research Projects Agency (DOD), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Compatible Time Sharing System; FORTRAN Programing Language; IBM System 1600; IBM System 7000