ERIC Number: ED022189
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Sep
Reference Count: 0
A Phonology of Akan: Akuapem, Asante, Fante.
Schachter, Paul; Fromkin, Victoria
In this preliminary report the authors compare a part of the phonological systems of Akuapem, Asante, and Fante--the major dialects of Akan. The comparison reveals the features common to all three dialects as well as the features which distinguish the dialects from one another. The description of the phonological systems of these dialects is presented within the framework of generative phonology as developed principally by Chomsky, Halle, and Stanley. Although this study does not attempt to present either a complete grammar or a complete phonology of Akan, a "reasonably complete" treatment of the finite verb is given and deep structures and transformational rules are discussed in relation to certain P-rules. Chapter 1 presents the inventory of systematic phonemes and includes the set of Morpheme Segment Structure Conditions which are to be applied to the dictionary matrices of morphemes. Chapter 2 presents the set of Morpheme Sequence Structure Conditions which apply generally to all formatives. The first chapters thus present all the general lexical redundancies in the language and cover a major part of the phonological constraints. Chapter 3 discusses all the general Phonological Rules which apply to the surface structures of sentences. P-rules applying specifically to the finite verb are discussed in Chapter 4, which also discusses various other aspects of Akan surface structures dominated by the Verb-Phrase node. (JD)
Descriptors: Akan, Deep Structure, Dialect Studies, Distinctive Features (Language), Morphophonemics, Phonology, Surface Structure, Tone Languages, Transformational Generative Grammar, Verbs
Textbook Department, Student Store, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90024 ($3.00).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles.
Identifiers: Akuapem; Ashanti; Chomsky Halle Phonological System; Fante; Twi