ERIC Number: ED021949
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Contributions and Costs of Manpower Development and Training. Policy Papers in Human Resources and Industrial Relations No. 5.
Mangum, Garth L.
As a part of a larger project under grant from the Ford Foundation to evaluate federal manpower policies and programs, this evaluation of the training efforts under Title II of the Manpower Development and Training Act (MDTA) made use of data provided by the Departments of Labor and Health, Education, and Welfare. By the end of fiscal 1967, 1.2 billion dollars had been obligated for training the unemployed and underemployed under Title II of the Act. As the combined result of original congressional intent and subsequent experience, MDTA induced programs have come to have six potential and identifiable objectives: (1) facilitating employment of the unemployed, (2) reducing poverty, (3) lessening inflationary pressures, (4) meeting labor shortages, (5) upgrading the labor force, and (6) revamping traditional institutions. On the basis of a detailed analysis of both quantifiable and nonquantifiable accomplishments, the extent to which each objective has been achieved is examined and estimates of the overall costs of the program are made before turning to a review of cost-benefit studies for comparison with previous conclusions. The results of the appraisal are clearly favorable. In general, every current component may not pay, but the overall contributions of the program have exceeded its costs by a margin which not only merits support but justifies expansion. (ET)
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Cost Effectiveness, Disadvantaged, Employment Programs, Employment Services, Expenditures, Federal Programs, Labor Force Development, Labor Needs, Objectives, Poverty Programs, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Public Policy, Unemployment, Vocational Education, Wages
Publications Office, Institute of Labor and Industrial Relations, Museums Annex, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104 ($2.00).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Manpower Policy Task Force, Washington, DC.; Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. of Labor and Industrial Relations.
Identifiers: Manpower Development and Training Act; Manpower Development and Training Act Programs