ERIC Number: ED021945
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Minority Group Performance Under Various Conditions of School Ethnic and Economic Integration: A Review of Research.
St. John, Nancy H.
This paper is a review of research studies on the relation of school ethnic and socioeconomic composition to the academic performance of Negro children. Pertinent findings from studies using four different types of research design are reported--(1) studies which measure the performance of a minority group under conditions of either segregation or integration, (2) longitudinal studies which use no control group and which measure the same individuals before and after they are in integrated surroundings, (3) cross-sectional studies comparing segregated and integrated students. (Here, special attention is given to the "Coleman Report" and "Racial Isolation in the Public Schools"), and (4) studies involving the "before" and "after" measurement of desegregated and segregated students matched on key variables. Also discussed is the methodological import of school quality and family background as independent variables. It is concluded that a positive relation exists between social class integration and the achievement of minority group pupils. There is some, but less conclusive, evidence of a relation between ethnic integration and achievement. An extensive bibliography is presented. (LB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Black Students, Data, Educational Quality, Equal Education, Ethnic Groups, Family Characteristics, Racial Composition, Research Methodology, Research Reviews (Publications), School Desegregation, School Segregation, School Surveys, Socioeconomic Status, Standardized Tests, Transfer Programs
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Yeshiva Univ., New York, NY. ERIC Clearinghouse for Urban Disadvantaged.
Identifiers: Coleman Report; Racial Isolation in the Public Schools