ERIC Number: ED021782
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Feb
Reference Count: 0
An Experimental Attempt to Maximize the Professional Potential of Home Economics Teachers through a Program of Group Counseling in College. Final Report.
Ray, Elizabeth M.
An experimental attempt was made to determine if prospective women teachers could be helped through group counseling to sort out and clarify conflicting marital and professional roles in relation to their future professional status. It was hypothesized that such help would lead to a significantly greater sense of self actualization, a more positive self-concept, more freedom to express a professional commitment, and greater ability to relate to one's students. Subjects of the 15-month study were 60 home economics education majors randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Statistical analysis of pre- and posttest results did not support the hypothesis; however, content analysis of recorded counseling sessions revealed that subjects were experiencing conflict, anxiety, and identity stress. Five factors were isolated from the transcriptions which may facilitate more accurate measurement of counseling effects. Only 1 of the 5 focuses on the marriage-career role conflicts; the others document a syndrome of anxieties and feelings of inadequacy in the face of new experiences which do not represent a uniquely feminine problem. Included are a 53-item bibliography, 42 statistical tables, and the instruments used: Loftis' Measure of Professional Commitment, Bills' Index of Adjustment and Values, Shostrom's Personal Orientation Inventory, and Ray's Student's Estimate of Teacher Concern. (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park.
Identifiers: Bills Index of Adjustment and Values; Personal Orientation Inventory; Ray Students Estimate of Teachers Concern