ERIC Number: ED021645
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Nov-30
Reference Count: 0
Head Start Evaluation and Research Center, University of Kansas. Report No. IX, Development of "Matching" Abstractions in Young Children.
Sherman, James A.
Two 4-year-old children were shown the use of an apparatus whereby they could obtain toys and candy by making certain responses. The apparatus was a matching-to-sample device on which were arranged five response buttons in a circle and one in the middle. Each response button had a display window for the stimulus. Four of the five windows on the circle were lighted, and one contained a stimulus matching the center stimulus. The fifth window on the circle remained dark. During training, a matching and nonmatching condition was alternately reinforced. One stimulus was never reinforced and represented a neutral stimulus. It was found that during reinforcement of not matching, nonmatching responses to the stimuli increased, even for the neutral stimulus. When matching was reinforced, matching behavior increased for all four stimuli. On the basis of these results, it was concluded that response generalization was demonstrated. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.; Institute for Educational Development, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Kansas Univ., Lawrence. Dept. of Human Development.