ERIC Number: ED021355
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Feb
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of the Teacher-Pupil Verbal Interaction in Special Classes for the Mentally Retarded.
Minskoff, Esther Hirsch
The study analyzed teacher-pupil interaction in the classes of nine experimental (E) and eight control (C) teachers and their 167 mentally retarded pupils (mean age = 10.2, mean IQ = 68.76) The E-teachers were given 32 training sessions in an experimental curriculum and the inductive teaching method. Classes were tape recorded for 1 day. Analysis indicated that the distribution of the E-teachers' questions was cognitive-memory (88%), evaluative thinking (5%), convergent thinking (4%), and divergent thinking (3%). Significantly more (.001 level) cognitive-memory questions were asked by the teachers than any of the other three types of questions. A comparison of the experimental and control groups demonstrated that E-teachers did not ask significantly more productive thinking or ask for significantly more evaluations after the students' incorrect answers than C-teachers, (2) there was less consistency for E-teachers' questions irrespective of subject matter areas, and (3) there were no significant differences between the E- and C-teachers' statements in the categories studied. Additional data on teacher and student characteristics are considered. Appendixes describe the Gallagher-Aschner Classification System and provide samples of teacher-pupil interactions demonstrating aspects of the inductive method. (JD)
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Convergent Thinking, Divergent Thinking, Evaluative Thinking, Exceptional Child Research, Interaction, Language Patterns, Mental Retardation, Mild Mental Retardation, Student Characteristics, Student Teacher Relationship, Teacher Characteristics, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Yeshiva Univ., New York, NY.