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ERIC Number: ED020968
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A DIVISIVE ISSUE, FREEDOM OF CHOICE.
JENKINS, H. HARRISON; MIZELL, M. HAYES
PRESENTED ARE TWO SEPARATE ARTICLES, ONE CRITICIZING AND THE OTHER DEFENDING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE FREEDOM OF CHOICE SCHOOL DESEGREGATION PLAN IN THE SOUTH. ACCORDING TO THIS PLAN, PUPILS (OR THEIR PARENTS) MAY CHOOSE THE SCHOOLS THEY WISH TO ATTEND WITHIN A GIVEN DISTRICT. IN THE ARTICLE AGAINST THE PLAN, IT IS ARGUED THAT PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL RESTRAINTS MAKE THE SOUTHERN NEGRO'S "FREEDOM" THE FREEDOM TO RISK SOCIAL ISOLATION AND ACADEMIC FAILURE AND THE FREEDOM TO BE DENIED EDUCATIONAL EQUALITY. IT IS FURTHER ARGUED THAT THIS METHOD, WHILE GIVING TOKEN COMPLIANCE WITH THE DESEGREGATION ORDER, ACTUALLY PRESERVES THE STATUS QUO AND ENCOURAGES RESEGREGATION. THE SECOND ARTICLE SUGGESTS THAT A FREEDOM OF CHOICE PLAN NEEDS TIME TO OPERATE EFFECTIVELY, BUT WILL RESULT IN TOTALLY INTEGRATED SCHOOLS. IT IS FELT THAT THE OBLIGATION OF THE SCHOOL SYSTEM IS TO ALLOW A FREE CHOICE TO BE MADE BY ALL, AND THAT THE INTRODUCTION OF A QUOTA PLAN WOULD DENY THE NEGRO HIS DEMOCRATIC RIGHT TO CHOOSE. THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED IN THE "SOUTHERN EDUCATION REPORT," VOLUME 3, NUMBER 6, JANUARY-FEBRUARY 1968. (DK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Civil Rights Act 1964 Title VI; Department of Health Education and Welfare