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ERIC Number: ED020804
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-May-27
Pages: 72
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
STUDY TO DETERMINE THE FEASIBILITY OF ADAPTING THE CARL ORFF APPROACH TO ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN AMERICA. FINAL REPORT.
GLASGOW, ROBERT B.; HAMREUS, DALE G.
A STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE THE FEASIBILITY OF ADAPTING FOR USE IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS OF AMERICA THE MUSIC TEACHING TECHNIQUES DEVELOPED BY THE GERMAN COMPOSER AND TEACHER, CARL ORFF. THE POPULATION OF AN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL WAS EMPLOYED IN THE STUDY. FIFTEEN STUDENTS FROM EACH CLASSROOM (TOTALING 180 STUDENTS) WERE RANDOMLY SELECTED FOR TESTING. FOLLOWING PRETESTING OF CERTAIN MUSIC SKILLS AND OF STUDENT ATTITUDES TOWARD MUSIC, A YEARLONG TEACHING PROGRAM INVOLVING THE SEQUENTIAL STEPS OF THE ORFF APPROACH WAS CONDUCTED DURING TWO 30-MINUTE PERIODS PER WEEK IN EACH OF THE CLASSES. AMERICAN VERBAL AND MUSICAL MATERIALS SUITABLE FOR USE WITH THE ORFF APPROACH WERE SUBJECTIVELY SELECTED AND WERE FOUND TO BE SUFFICIENTLY ABUNDANT. AT THE CONCLUSION OF THE SCHOOL YEAR, POSTTESTING WAS ADMINISTERED TO DETERMINE THE EFFECTS OF THE PROGRAM ON MUSIC SKILLS AND ATTITUDES. COMPARISON OF PRETEST AND POSTTEST SCORES INDICATED GAINS IN TWO OF THE FOUR BASIC MUSIC SKILLS WHICH WERE TESTED. POSITIVE GROWTH IN ATTITUDES TOWARD MUSIC DID NOT OCCUR. IT WAS GENERALLY CONCLUDED THAT THE ORFF APPROACH IS ADAPTABLE TO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL MUSIC IN AMERICA. STATISTICS ARE REPORTED IN FOUR TABLES, AND THREE APPENDIXES CONTAIN (1) MUSIC SKILLS TESTING MATERIALS, (2) ATTITUDE SCALES, AND (3) A LISTING OF SUITABLE TEACHING MATERIALS. (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oregon Coll. of Education, Monmouth.
Identifiers: N/A