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ERIC Number: ED020796
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INFLUENCES OF CULTURAL PATTERNS ON THE THINKING OF CHILDREN IN CERTAIN ETHNIC GROUPS, A STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF JEWISH SUB-CULTURE ON THE FIELD-DEPENDENCE-INDEPENDENCE DIMENSION OF COGNITION.
DERSHOWITZ, ZACHARY
THIS PAPER IS CONCERNED WITH THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ETHNIC OR OTHER SUBGROUP MEMBERSHIP AND THE INDIVIDUAL'S COGNITIVE STYLE. THE COGNITIVE STYLE CHOSEN FOR INVESTIGATION HERE IS THAT OF FIELD-DEPENDENCE OR INDEPENDENCE. THE TWO ETHNIC-RELIGIOUS SUBCULTURES INVESTIGATED WERE JEWISH AND WHITE ANGLO-SAXON PROTESTANT. IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT JEWISH CHILDREN, BECAUSE OF THE VALUES AND FAMILY STRUCTURE OF THEIR CULTURE, WOULD BE MORE FIELD-DEPENDENT. APPROXIMATELY 50 JEWISH CHILDREN OF AN AVERAGE AGE OF 10.9 YEARS FROM A BACKGROUND OF HIGH JEWISH ACCULTURATION AND 30 WHITE PROTESTANT CHILDREN OF AN AVERAGE AGE OF 10.2 YEARS WERE ADMINISTERED FOUR TESTS, WHICH INVOLVED (1) PERCEPTUAL, (2) INTELLECTUAL, (3) FIGURE DRAWING, AND (4) VERBAL DISEMBEDDING TASKS. THE SCORES OF THE TWO GROUPS WERE COMPARED WITH EACH OTHER AND WITH SCORES OF OTHER CHILDREN OF ANOTHER STUDY. THE DATA ANALYSIS REVEALED THAT THE JEWISH GROUP WAS THE MOST FIELD-DEPENDENT, AS HYPOTHESIZED. IT DOES NOT APPEAR, HOWEVER, THAT FIELD-DEPENDENCE EXTENDS TO VERBAL MATTERS FOR THE JEWISH GROUP. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT DIFFERENCES AMONG THESE GROUPS ARE NOT LIMITED TO CONTENT, BUT EXTEND TO THE WAY IN WHICH THE ENVIRONMENT IS PERCEIVED. THE DIFFERENCE DIMINISHES AS ETHNICITY DIMINISHES. THIS DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE IN MICROFILM FOR $3.05 AND IN XEROX COPY FOR $10.60 (234P.), ORDER NUMBER 67-109, FROM UNIVERSITY MICROFILMS, ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN 48103. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York Univ., NY. School of Education.
Identifiers: VERBAL DISEMBEDDING TEST