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ERIC Number: ED020786
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A FOLLOW-UP STUDY OF INTELLIGENCE CHANGES IN CHILDREN WHO PARTICIPATED IN PROJECT HEADSTART.
CONNERS, C. KEITH; WALLER, DAVID A.
IN A STUDY TO ASSESS THE VALUE OF A 1965 SUMMER HEAD START PROGRAM IN BALTIMORE, 83 PARTICIPATING CHILDREN WERE TESTED ON THE PEABODY PICTURE VOCABULARY TEST (PPVT) AND THE DRAW-A-PERSON (DAP), AND THEIR SCORES WERE COMPARED WITH THOSE OF A MATCHED GROUP OF CONTROL NON-HEAD START CHILDREN. ALL WERE TESTED IN SEPTEMBER 1965 (AT THE BEGINNING OF THE KINDERGARTEN YEAR) AND IN MAY 1966. THE SEPTEMBER SCORES OF THE HEAD START PUPILS WERE HIGHER THAN THOSE OF THE CONTROL PUPILS ON BOTH THE PPVT AND DAP. THE MAY SCORES SHOWED SIGNIFICANT GAINS BY BOTH GROUPS ON BOTH TESTS, AND ON THE BASIS OF THE SEPTEMBER AND MAY SCORES, IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT THE HEAD START PROGRAM DID EFFECTIVELY INCREASE THE ACADEMIC ABILITY OF THE ATTENDING CHILDREN. HOWEVER, THE MAY SCORES SHOW A NARROWING OF THE DIFFERENCE ON THE PPVT AND A WASHING-OUT OF THE DIFFERENCE ON THE DAP. IT APPEARS THAT SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONAL ATTEMPTS MUST BE MADE IN FORMAL SCHOOLING TO MAINTAIN THE ACHIEVEMENT INCREASE REALIZED FROM THE HEAD START PROGRAM. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. School of Medicine.
Identifiers: Draw a Person Test; Maryland (Baltimore); Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; PROJECT HEAD START