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ERIC Number: ED020597
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Jun
Pages: 38
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS OF VERBAL INTERACTION IN SPECIAL CLASSES FOR THE MENTALLY RETARDED.
HURLEY, OLIVER L.
NOTING THAT RECENT RESEARCH POINTS TO LINGUISTIC CODE DIFFERENCES AS AN IMPORTANT FACET OF CULTURAL DEPRIVATION AND THAT THE MAJORITY OF EDUCABLE MENTALLY RETARDED (EMR) CHILDREN COME FROM LOW SOCIOECONOMIC LEVELS, IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT ONE OF THE KEYS TO LEARNING FOR EMR CHILDREN IS THE COMPLEXITY OF THE TEACHER'S LANGUAGE IN RELATION TO THAT OF THE CHILDREN AND THAT THE LINGUISTIC CODE MAY BE RELATED TO THE FAILURE OF SPECIAL CLASSES TO SHOW ANY SIGNIFICANT BENEFIT FOR THE STUDENT. A SYSTEM OF ANALYZING AND CODING TEACHER-PUPIL VERBAL INTERACTION WAS DEVELOPED BY USING TAPESCRIPTS FROM TWO EMR CLASSES WITH A TOTAL OF 19 CHILDREN (MEAN IQ = 117 MONTHS). TEACHERS OF BOTH CLASSES HAD BEEN SPECIAL EDUCATION MAJORS IN COLLEGE AND HAD 7 YEARS EXPERIENCE BETWEEN THEM WITH THE EMR. DIFFERENT METHODS OF WORD ANALYSIS WERE ASSESSED. THE SYSTEM DEVELOPED HAS THREE PARTS--THE LENGTH AND COMPLEXITY INDEX (LCI), THE SENTENCE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM, AND A CONTENT ANALYSIS. THE LCI IS A SCORING SYSTEM WHICH SIMULTANEOUSLY WEIGHTS THE LENGTH OF A SENTENCE AND THE COMPLEXITY OF ITS NOUN AND VERB PHRASES. SENTENCES ARE CLASSIFIED INTO ONE OF FIVE CLASSES--SIMPLE, SIMPLE WITH A PHRASE, ELABORATED SIMPLE, COMPOUND AND COMPLEX, AND ELABORATED COMPOUND AND COMPLEX SENTENCES. THESE FIVE CLASSES FORM A LOGICAL HIERARCHY OF COMPLEXITY AND ARE DIFFERENTIALLY WEIGHTED. A SENTENCE COMPLEXITY SCORE (SCE) IS OBTAINED BY ADDING THE LCI AND THE WEIGHTED VALUE FOR THE CLASS OF SENTENCE. THE CONTENT OF A SENTENCE IS CODED ACCORDING TO THE PURPOSE OF THE COMMUNICATION INTO EIGHT CATEGORIES GROUPED INTO THREE MAIN CATEGORIES (STRUCTURING, RESPONSES REQUESTED, AND REACTING) USED AS PARAMETERS FOR THE INTERPRETATION OF THE SCS. ONE FIGURE AND A 26-ITEM BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE INCLUDED. APPENDIXES PROVIDE INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE LINGUISTIC CODING SYSTEM AND A STUDY OF THE VERBAL OUTPUT IN A SPECIAL CLASS FOR RETARDED CHILDREN. ACCOMPANYING THE APPENDIXES ARE A CODING SHEET, A TABLE, AND THREE REFERENCES. (AA/JD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Inst. of Research for Exceptional Children.
Identifiers: N/A