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ERIC Number: ED020541
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Mar-23
Pages: 46
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
RAPID SOCIO-CULTURAL CHANGE AND STUDENT MENTAL HEALTH--A CROSS-CULTURAL COMPARISON.
WINTROB, RONALD M.
THE EFFECTS OF RAPID SOCIO-CULTURAL CHANGE AND INTER-GENERATIONAL CONFLICT OF VALUES ON THE ROLE IDENTITY OF TWO GROUPS OF ADOLESCENT STUDENTS ARE COMPARED. THE TWO GROUPS ARE LIBERIANS OF TRIBAL ORIGIN AND CREE INDIANS OF NORTH-CENTRAL QUEBEC. CLINICAL MATERIAL IS PRESENTED TO ILLUSTRATE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN IDENTITY CONFLICT AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DYSADAPTATION EXPERIENCED BY STUDENTS OF BOTH GROUPS. COMPARISONS ARE DRAWN ALONG THESE PARAMETERS--(1) ATTITUDES TOWARD EDUCATION, (2) INFLUENCE OF BELIEFS IN WITCHCRAFT, AND (3) DEFENSE MECHANISMS TO COPE WITH ROLE CONFLICT. ATTITUDES TOWARD EDUCATION SEEMED TO CORRESPOND TO THE STUDENT'S ACHIEVEMENT LEVEL. UNLIKE LIBERIAN STUDENTS, THE CREE DO NOT ATTRIBUTE RESPONSIBILITY FOR WITCHCRAFT TO THEIR OWN KIN. LIBERIANS USE DENIAL AND PROJECTION DEFENSES, WHILE THE CREE USE INTROJECTIVE DEFENSES. PRELIMINARY STUDY SUGGESTS THAT ATTEMPTS OF BOTH GROUPS TO RESOLVE IDENTITY CONFLICT FOLLOW--(1) POLARIZATION TOWARD THE IDENTITY MODEL REPRESENTED BY THE URBAN MIDDLE CLASS, OR (2) POLARIZATION TOWARD THE OLDER GENERATION, OR (3) A SYNTHESIS OF BOTH. FACTORS DETERMINING THE DEGREE OF CONFLICT ARE LISTED. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE AMERICAN ORTHOPSYCHIATRIC ASSOCIATION CONVENTION (CHICAGO, MARCH 23, 1968). (PH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Orthopsychiatric Association, New York, NY.
Identifiers: N/A