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ERIC Number: ED020532
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 38
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TOWARD A TENTATIVE MEASUREMENT OF THE CENTRAL THERAPEUTIC INGREDIENTS.
TRUAX, CHARLES B.
THESE RESEARCH SCALES PROVIDE CONCRETE SPECIFICATIONS, ALONG QUANTIFIED DIMENSIONS, OF THE THREE CENTRAL INGREDIENTS OF EFFECTIVE THERAPEUTIC ENCOUNTERS--(1) ACCURATE EMPATHY, (2) NONPOSSESSIVE WARMTH, AND (3) GENUINENESS. THE RELIABILITY OF THE SCALES WAS OBTAINED BY CORRELATING DIFFERENT RATER'S RATINGS ON THE SCALES FOR THE SAME SAMPLES OF THERAPEUTIC RELATIONSHIPS. THE RATINGS RANGE FROM MODERATE TO HIGH. THE ACCURATE EMPATHY SCALE INVOLVES NINE DEGREES, WITH THE LOWEST BEING INACCURATE RESPONSES TO OBVIOUS FEELINGS. THE HIGHEST DEGREE INVOLVES ACCURACY TOWARDS DEEP FEELINGS AND UNERRING ACCURACY AND UNHESITANCY TOWARDS DEEP FEELINGS, WITH REGARD TO BOTH CONTENT AND INTENSITY. THE DIMENSIONS OF THE NONPOSSESSIVE WARMTH SCALE RANGE FROM A HIGH LEVEL, WITH THE THERAPIST WARMLY ACCEPTING THE PATIENT'S EXPERIENCE AS PART OF HIS PERSON WITHOUT IMPOSING CONDITIONS, TO A LOW LEVEL WHERE THE THERAPIST EVALUATES A PATIENT ON HIS FEELINGS, EXPRESSES DISLIKE OR DISAPPROVAL, OR EXPRESSES WARMTH IN A SELECTIVE AND EVALUATIVE WAY. THE GENUINENESS SCALE ATTEMPTS TO DEFINE FIVE DEGREES OF THERAPIST GENUINENESS, BEGINNING AT A LOW LEVEL WHERE THE THERAPIST PRESENTS A FACADE OR DEFENDS AND DENIES FEELINGS. THE HIGHEST DEGREE INVOLVES A HIGH LEVEL OF SELF-CONGRUENCE, WITH THE THERAPIST FREELY AND DEEPLY HIMSELF. FOR EACH SCALE, THE STAGES ARE EXPLAINED WITH EXAMPLES OF CLIENT-THERAPIST DIALOGUE. (CG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Arkansas State Rehabilitation Research and Training Center, Fayetteville.; Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville.
Identifiers: N/A