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ERIC Number: ED020529
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Nov-10
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE COMPUTER AS AN AID TO INSTRUCTION AND GUIDANCE IN THE SCHOOL.
IMPELLITTERI, JOSEPH T.
COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN EDUCATION ARE DISCUSSED IN TERMS OF--(1) A DESCRIPTION OF COMPUTER-ASSISTED INSTRUCTION (CAI) AND COUNSELING, (2) THE NUMBER AND TYPES OF COMPUTER-ASSISTED DEVELOPMENTS, (3) THE NATURE OF THE PENN STATE UNIVERSITY PROGRAM, (4) TENTATIVE RESULTS OF EXPERIMENTATION USING CAI, AND (5) IMPLICATIONS AND PROJECTIONS FOR THE FUTURE. CAI IS INDIVIDUALIZED, ENABLING A STUDENT TO RESPOND INDEPENDENTLY AND PROGRESS AT HIS OWN RATE. AS A METHOD OF INSTRUCTION, IT MUST BE CONNECTED TO SOME DEVICE TO PREMIT STUDENT-PROGRAM INTERACTION. FEEDBACK IS IMMEDIATE, WITH THE CORRECT STUDENT RESPONSE NECESSARY TO PROCEED. ALTHOUGH COMPUTER-ASSISTED GUIDANCE EFFORTS ARE IN THE DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES, ONE PILOT PROJECT DID RESULT IN CHANGES IN THE OCCUPATIONAL ATTITUDES AND VALUES OF JUNIOR-HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS. A STUDY AT PENN STATE UNIVERSITY REPORTED FAVORABLE STUDENT REACTIONS, BUT NO DIFFERENCE IN LEARNING OR RETENTION BETWEEN CAI, LECTURE, OR SELF-STUDY METHODS. THE POTENTIAL OF CAI TO HUMANIZE RATHER THAN DEHUMANIZE EDUCATION IS DISCUSSED. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE REGIONAL SEMINAR AND RESEARCH CONFERENCE IN AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION (ITHACA, N.Y., NOVEMBER 8-10, 1967). (PH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Agricultural Education Div. at Cornell Univ.
Identifiers: N/A