NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED020521
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Apr-24
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
LEARNABILITY OF A TRANSFORMATIONALLY GENERATED SUBSET OF ENGLISH.
ROSENBAUM, PETER S.
REPORTED IN THIS DOCUMENT IS AN EXPERIMENT TO DETERMINE THE DEGREE OF DIFFICULTY IN LEARNING AND USING "ENGLISH GRAMMAR II," A TRANSFORMATIONALLY GENERATED SUBSET OF ENGLISH (SEE AL 001 306). THE AUTHOR PRESENTS A GENERAL, NON-TECHNICAL EXPLANATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF TRANSFORMATIONAL GRAMMAR AND A DESCRIPTION OF THE EXPERIMENT IN LEARNING TO USE ENGLISH II (THE LANGUAGE GENERATED BY GRAMMAR II). THE SUBJECT OF THE EXPERIMENT WAS A PSYCHOLOGIST WHO WAS PROVIDED WITH INSTRUCTION IN THE SENTENCE FORMATION RULES OF GRAMMAR II AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF AN APPROPRIATE LEXICON. AFTER SUCCESSFULLY TRANSLATING ORDINARY ENGLISH SENTENCES INTO ENGLISH II SENTENCES, THE SUBJECT WATCHED TEN-MINUTE FILMS OF MOTHER-CHILD INTERACTIONS AND ATTEMPTED TO TAPE-RECORD HIS OBSERVATIONS USING ONLY ENGLISH II SENTENCES. THIS PROCEDURE WAS REPEATED THREE TIMES WITH THE SAME FILM AND THEN FOUR TIMES WITH A NEW FILM. BY THE EIGHTH TRIAL THE SUBJECT HAD ATTAINED A RATE OF 90 PERCENT ACCURACY IN USING ENGLISH II SENTENCES. IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT ENGLISH II WAS A SUFFICIENTLY RICH "OBSERVER LANGUAGE" AND THAT SUCH SUBSETS OF ENGLISH ARE LEARNABLE FOR SPONTANEOUS OBSERVATIONS. THIS REPORT IS CONTAINED IN SCIENTIFIC REPORT 2 ON "SPECIFICATION AND UTILIZATION OF A TRANSFORMATIONAL GRAMMAR," AVAILABLE AS DOCUMENT NUMBER AD-667-800 FROM THE CLEARINGHOUSE FOR FEDERAL, SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INFORMATION, 5285 PORT ROYAL ROAD, SPRINGFIELD, VIRGINIA 22151 ($3.00 HARDCOPY, $0.65 MICROFICHE). (JD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Business Machines Corp., Yorktown Heights, NY. Thomas J. Watson Research Center.
Identifiers: N/A