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ERIC Number: ED020507
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Apr
Pages: 63
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
ENGLISH QUESTIONS.
CHAFE, WALLACE L.
THIS PAPER CONSIDERS SEVERAL TYPES OF ENGLISH SENTENCES WHICH ARE UTTERED FOR THE PURPOSE OF ELICITING A LINGUISTIC RESPONSE FROM THE HEARER AND WHICH, ON THAT BASIS, CAN BE CLASSED AS QUESTIONS. A SEMANTIC UNIT "PLUS INTERROGATIVE", WHOSE MEANING IS THAT THE SPEAKER REQUESTS NEW INFORMATION FROM THE HEARER, IS SEEN TO PLAY A ROLE IN MORE THAN ONE TYPE OF QUESTION. A QUESTION WITH THE SEMANTIC UNIT "PLUS CONFIRMATIVE" DOES NOT REQUEST NEW INFORMATION, BUT RATHER CONFIRMATION OF SOME MORE OR LESS TENTATIVE KNOWLEDGE WHICH THE SPEAKER ALREADY HAS. QUESTIONS WITH THE UNIT "PLUS ECHO" ARE SEEN AS REPETITIONS OF IMMEDIATELY PRECEDING SENTENCES UTTERED BY THE OTHER PERSON, REPETITIONS INTENDED PRIMARILY AS CHECKS ON THE CORRECTNESS OF PERCEPTION. THE AUTHOR FEELS THAT THESE SEMANTIC OBSERVATIONS MUST BE ACCOUNTED FOR IN A DESCRIPTION OF ENGLISH THAT PRETENDS TO ANY KIND OF ADEQUACY. A NUMBER OF TENTATIVE, LOOSELY FORMULATED RULES ARE SUGGESTED AS POSSIBLE WAYS OF INCORPORATING THESE CONSIDERATIONS INTO A FORMALIZATION OF ENGLISH SEMANTIC STRUCTURE. (AUTHOR/DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley.
Identifiers: N/A