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ERIC Number: ED020500
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Dec
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TEACHING THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSES.
WALKER, RALPH H.
THE SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT AND PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS ARE FOR THE NON-NATIVE SPEAKER OF ENGLISH TWO OF THE MOST TROUBLESOME TENSES IN THE ENGLISH VERB SYSTEM. THEY ARE SOMETIMES CONFUSED WITH A PRESENT TENSE AND SOMETIMES WITH A PAST. ONE OFTEN HEARS A NON-NATIVE SPEAKER OF ENGLISH USE A SIMPLE PRESENT WHERE HE SHOULD USE A SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT, A PRESENT CONTINUOUS WHERE HE SHOULD USE A PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS, OR A SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT WHERE HE SHOULD USE A SIMPLE PAST. SOMETIMES THIS IS JUST A CARELESS MISTAKE, BUT MORE OFTEN IT IS A SUBSTITUTION WHICH THE SPEAKER REGULARLY MAKES, TRANSFERRING A STRUCTURE FROM HIS NATIVE LANGUAGE INTO ENGLISH. HE MAKES THIS TRANSFERENCE BECAUSE HE LACKS AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE NATURE OF THESE TWO TENSES, WHICH ARE NEITHER WHOLLY PRESENT NOR WHOLLY PAST, BUT PARADOXICALLY BOTH PRESENT AND PAST. A DESCRIPTION OF THESE TWO TENSES, DRILLS AND EXERCISES INVOLVING THEIR USE, AND EXERCISES TO CONTRAST THE TWO ARE PRESENTED. THIS ARTICLE APPEARS IN "TESOL QUARTERLY," VOLUME 1, NUMBER 4, DECEMBER 1967, PUBLISHED BY TEACHERS OF ENGLISH TO SPEAKERS OF OTHER LANGUAGES, AT THE INSTITUTE OF LANGUAGES AND LINGUISTICS, GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20007. (AUTHOR/AMM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A