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ERIC Number: ED020412
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A SHARPER LOOK AT UNEMPLOYMENT IN U.S. CITIES AND SLUMS.
Department of Labor, Washington, DC.
UNEMPLOYMENT DATA FOR 1965 TO 1966 FOR THE 20 LARGEST UNITED STATES METROPOLITAN AREAS SHOWED WHO THE PEOPLE ARE WHO ARE OUT OF WORK, WHERE THEY ARE, AND WHY THEY ARE UNEMPLOYED. SOME OF THE FINDINGS WERE--(1) A THIRD OF THOSE UNEMPLOYED, ABOUT ONE MILLION PEOPLE, LIVED IN THESE METROPOLITAN AREAS, (2) THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IN 10 OF THE AREAS WAS SIGNIFICANTLY ABOVE THE NATIONAL AVERAGE OF ABOUT 3-3/4 PERCENT, (3) THE NONWHITE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE WAS ABOUT THREE TIMES THE WHITE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IN 16 AREAS, (4) THE WORST UNEMPLOYMENT IN THE 12 LARGEST AREAS WAS AMONG 14- TO 19-YEAR-OLD NONWHITES, RANGING FROM 18.4 PERCENT IN WASHINGTON, D.C. TO 36 PERCENT IN PHILADELPHIA, WITH A RATE ABOVE 30 PERCENT IN SEVEN AREAS. A 10-AREA SURVEY IN EIGHT U.S. CITIES IN 1966 DISCLOSED--(1) 6.9 PERCENT OF THOSE LISTED AS EMPLOYED WERE WORKING ONLY PART TIME, (2) 21 PERCENT OF THOSE WORKING FULL TIME EARNED LESS THAN $60 A WEEK, (3) 47 PERCENT OF THE SURVEYED FAMILIES REPORTED INCOME DURING THE PAST YEARS FROM WELFARE OR OTHER NONEMPLOYMENT SOURCES, (4) BASED ON A SUBEMPLOYMENT INDEX, THE SUBEMPLOYMENT RATE FOR THE 10 SURVEY AREAS TAKEN AS A WHOLE WAS 33.9 PERCENT. IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT--(1) CONSIDERING UNEMPLOYMENT IN TERMS OF 4 PERCENT JUST LEAVES THE SLUMS OUT, (2) UNEMPLOYMENT AND SUBEMPLOYMENT IN THE SLUMS IS A MATTER OF PERSONAL RATHER THAN ECONOMIC CONDITION, AND (3) THOUGH THE PERCENTAGES ARE HIGH, THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE INVOLVED IS COMPARATIVELY SMALL, THE BARRIERS TO THEIR EMPLOYMENT ARE REMOVABLE, AND THE PROBLEM IS CLEARLY OF MANAGEABLE PROPORTIONS. (MM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Labor, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: N/A