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ERIC Number: ED020401
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Jan
Pages: 78
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
FAMILY PATTERNS AND SOCIAL CLASS. RESEARCH MONOGRAPH NO. 5 (PRELIMINARY DRAFT).
REGAN, MARY C.
THE PURPOSES OF THE STUDY WERE TO IDENTIFY THE UNDERLYING FACTORS WHICH CAN BE USED IN DESCRIBING THE LIVING PATTERNS OF YOUNG FAMILIES AND TO EXAMINE THE RELATIONS BETWEEN SOCIAL CLASS AND FAMILY CLIMATE AND BETWEEN ETHNIC BACKGROUND AND FAMILY STRUCTURE. COMPREHENSIVE STRUCTURED INTERVIEWS WERE CONDUCTED WITH 600 YOUNG HOMEMAKERS SELECTED BY STRATIFIED RANDOM SAMPLING FROM PROTOTYPE COMMUNITIES. A QUESTIONNAIRE WAS COMPLETED BY THE HOMEMAKER AT TIME OF THE INTERVIEW, AND ONE WAS LEFT FOR THE HUSBAND TO FILL OUT. FINAL DATA WERE BASED ON 594 USABLE INTERVIEW RECORDS AND QUESTIONNAIRES RETURNED BY 70 PERCENT OF THE HUSBANDS. THE CLASS DIVISIONS WERE BASED ON THOSE DEVELOPED IN A PRIOR STUDY. DEMOGRAPHICALLY, A POSITIVE RELATIONSHIP EXISTED BETWEEN SOCIAL CLASS AND MARITAL STABILITY, LIMITATION OF FAMILY SIZE, EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT OF SPOUSES, FAMILY INCOME AND HOME OWNERSHIP, THE HUSBAND'S HOURS OF WORK, THE ACHIEVEMENT OF UPWARD MOBILITY, CAUCASIAN ETHNIC BACKGROUND, AND PROTESTANT RELIGIOUS PREFERENCES. ETHNIC BACKGROUND WAS RELATED TO FAMILY STRUCTURE--NEGRO FAMILIES WERE LARGE AND HIGHLY UNSTABLE, BUT THE ORIENTAL FAMILY WAS SMALL AND HIGHLY STABLE. A POSITIVE RELATIONSHIP EXISTED BETWEEN SOCIAL CLASS AND ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION OF FAMILY TASKS AND RESPONSIBILITIES. BEHAVIOR PATTERNS OF THE FAMILY WERE RELATED TO SOCIAL CLASS. HIGHER CLASS FAMILIES COMMUNICATED, EMPATHIZED, AND ENCOUNTERED LESS CONFLICT THAN LOWER CLASS FAMILIES. VALUES AND ATTITUDES WERE RELATED TO SOCIAL CLASS. THE HIGHER THE SOCIAL CLASS THE MORE LIKELY IT WAS TO BE NONAUTHORITARIAN, NONTRADITIONAL, DEMOCRATIC, AND EQUALITARIAN. IT WOULD SEEM TENABLE THAT SOCIETY SHOULD CONCENTRATE ITS EFFORTS TOWARD MORE FULLY UNDERSTANDING THE LOWER-LOWER CLASS FAMILIES TO DETERMINE WAYS OF BREAKING THE ORGANIZATIONAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, AND IDEALOGICAL BARRIERS THAT PREVENT THESE FAMILIES FROM RISING TO OTHER SOCIAL LEVELS. (FP)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Davis. Dept. of Agricultural Education.
Identifiers: N/A