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ERIC Number: ED020397
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AUTOMATION--SOME CLASSIFICATION AND MEASUREMENT PROBLEMS. REPRINT NO. 149.
SULTAN, P.E.; PRASOW, P.
THE PURPOSE OF THIS PAPER WAS TO REVIEW HOW "AUTOMATION" IS DEFINED, GIVING CONSIDERATION TO CONVENTIONAL USAGE OF THE TERM AND TO THOSE CONSIDERATIONS WHICH DETERMINE THE CONVENIENCE OR SUITABILITY FOR RESEARCH PURPOSES OF PARTICULAR CATEGORIES OF TECHNICAL CHANGE. AN UNDERLYING ASSUMPTION IS THAT THE ADJUSTMENT DEMANDS IMPOSED BY TECHNOLOGY CANNOT BE DELAYED UNTIL SUFFICIENT REFINEMENT OF RESEARCH TECHNIQUES ENABLES THE CONSEQUENCES OF AUTOMATION TO BE CLEARLY AND PRECISELY DEFINED. SINCE THE SIGNIFICANCE OF A TECHNICAL CHANGE IS LARGELY DETERMINED BY ITS "SPAN" OF APPLICATION, THE SIGNIFICANT CHANGE IS ONE LIKELY TO AFFECT THE ENTIRE STRUCTURE OF THE PRODUCTION PROCESS. TECHNICAL CHANGE MUST BE ANALYZED IN TERMS OF THE FACTOR SAVINGS INVOLVED, THAT IS, IN TERMS OF ITS IMPACT ON UNIT CAPITAL AND LABOR REQUIREMENTS. THIS APPROACH WOULD REQUIRE MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE QUANTITY, FORM DISTRIBUTION, AND COST OF CAPITAL. ALTHOUGH MEASURES OF MANPOWER, STATISTICALLY SPEAKING, ARE MORE ADEQUATE, MORE ATTENTION MUST BE GIVEN TO DIRECT LABOR-SAVING INDIRECT LABOR-USING IMPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY. ATTENTION MUST ALSO BE GIVEN TO THE RESPONSES OF THE MARKET TO AUTOMATION'S SPEED OF PENETRATION. THE DIMENSIONS OF THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF AUTOMATION WHICH CAN BE ANALYZED ARE CAPITAL AND LABOR SAVINGS, ALTERATIONS IN THE RATIO OF LABOR AND CAPITAL, RATE OF CHANGE OVER TIME FOR PER-UNIT CAPITAL AND LABOR REQUIREMENTS, AND THE CHANGES OF THE DEGREE OF SUBSTITUTABILITY OF LABOR AND CAPITAL INVOLVED WITH THE TECHNOLOGY. THIS ARTICLE IS A REPRINT FROM "LABOUR AND AUTOMATION," BULLETIN NO. 1, 1964. SINGLE COPIES OF THIS DOCUMENT ARE AVAILABLE WITHOUT CHARGE FROM INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA 90024. (EM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Inst. of Industrial Relations.
Identifiers: N/A