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ERIC Number: ED020355
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE SKILL IMPACT OF AUTOMATION. REPRINT NO. 136.
SULTAN, PAUL; PRASOW, P.
THIS SAMPLING OF COLLECTED TESTIMONY WAS INTENDED TO ILLUSTRATE SOME OF THE DIMENSIONS OF MANPOWER PROBLEMS FACED EVEN IN EXPANDING LABOR MARKETS. A REVIEW OF SELECTED "STRUCTURAL" ASPECTS OF EMPLOYMENT ANALYSIS GAVE PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO THE IMPACT OF AUTOMATION ON EMPLOYMENT WHEN CONSIDERATION WAS GIVEN, NOT TO THE AMOUNT OF LABOR DEMANDED, BUT TO THE QUALITY OF LABOR THAT MUST BE SUPPLIED. SO LONG AS PARITY IS PRESERVED BETWEEN THE TOTAL OF JOB OPPORTUNITIES AND THE NUMBER IN THE LABOR FORCE, UNEMPLOYMENT REFLECTS THE PROBLEM OF MATCHING THE SPECIFIC QUALITIES OF LABOR DEMAND WITH THE SPECIFIC ATTRIBUTES OF LABOR SUPPLY. THIS MATCHING PROCESS IS IMPEDED BY AN ACCELERATION IN THE PACE OF TECHNOLOGY AND A "GESTATION" BARRIER, REPRESENTED BY THE LENGTH OF TIME REQUIRED TO DEVELOP SKILLS DEMANDED. A SECOND MAJOR POINT OF THE STUDY WAS THAT AUTOMATION INVOLVES NOT ONLY SKILL-UPGRADING BUT SKILL-DOWNGRADING AS WELL, SINCE MANY JOB FUNCTIONS ARE "DILUTED" TO ADJUST TO CHANGING TECHNOLOGY. THE SKILL IMPACT OF AUTOMATION IS TO INCREASE THE PRODUCTIVITY OF A SMALL NUMBER OF SKILLED WORKERS WHILE DECREASING THE PRODUCTIVITY OF A LARGER NUMBER OF LESS-SKILLED WORKERS. THE IMPLICATIONS OF THESE SUGGESTED FINDINGS WERE RELATED TO EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMING, WAGE POLICIES, RECRUITMENT, TURNOVER, AND OTHER ASPECTS OF MANPOWER POLICY. THIS IS A REPRINT FROM "EXPLORING THE DIMENSIONS OF THE MANPOWER REVOLUTION, VOLUME 1 OF SELECTED READINGS IN EMPLOYMENT AND MANPOWER," COMPILED FOR THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON EMPLOYMENT AND MANPOWER OF THE COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE, U.S. SENATE, 1964. SINGLE COPIES OF THIS DOCUMENT ARE AVAILABLE WITHOUT CHARGE FROM INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA 90024. (ET)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Inst. of Industrial Relations.
Identifiers: N/A