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ERIC Number: ED020217
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
NEGRO BOYCOTTS OF JIM CROW SCHOOLS IN THE NORTH, 1897-1925.
MEIER, AUGUST; RUDWICK, ELLIOTT
THIS ARTICLE PRESENTS A HISTORICAL REVIEW OF NEGRO SCHOOL BOYCOTTS FROM 1897 TO 1925 IN ALTON, ILL., EAST ORANGE, N.J., AND SPRINGFIELD AND DAYTON, OHIO, WHERE ATTEMPTS WERE MADE TO INTRODUCE RACIALLY SEPARATE SCHOOLS. THE REVIEW DESCRIBES THE PROTEST MOVEMENT AND THE VICISSITUDES OF THE INTEGRATION ATTEMPTS IN EACH CITY. ALL THE NEGRO PROTEST MOVEMENTS WERE CONSERVATIVE ATTEMPTS TO PRESERVE EXISTING INTEGRATED EDUCATION AS SANCTIONED BY LAW. HOWEVER, ALTHOUGH IN THE TWO STATES WHERE THE ISSUE WAS BROUGHT TO COURT, THE HIGHEST JUDICIAL AUTHORITY SUSTAINED THE NEGROES' CASE, THE SCHOOLS IN THESE CITIES REMAINED SEGREGATED. AMONG THE SUGGESTED REASONS FOR THE FAILURE OF THE INTEGRATION EFFORTS WERE THE EFFECTS OF CLEAVAGES WITHIN THE NEGRO COMMUNITY DUE TO CONFLICTING SELF-INTERESTS. BUT THE DECISIVE FACTOR IN THE DEFEATS IS SAID TO HAVE BEEN THE ATTITUDE OF THE DOMINANT WHITES WHOSE PREJUDICES INFLUENCED POLITICIANS AND SCHOOL BOARDS. THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED IN "INTEGRATED EDUCATION," VOLUME 5, NUMBER 4, ISSUE 28, AUGUST-SEPTEMBER 1967. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ILLINOIS; Illinois (Alton); Illinois (Springfield); NEW JERSEY; New Jersey (East Orange); OHIO; Ohio (Dayton)